The elected government of any nation has the responsibility to ensure the management of the security sector is in line with democratic best practices and the provision of security as a public good. Governments also bear the political responsibility for the activities of the security sector. As a result, governments need detailed and extensive plans and management structures to ensure security policies and practices are transparent and accountable.

Security is among the top duty of every elected government of any nation. It has the responsibility to ensure the protection of a nation from attack or other danger by putting in place, adequate armed forces and guarding state secrets. This means creating a strong system for defense. The management of the security sector is possible using diplomacy to rally allies and isolate threats, maintaining effective armed forces, implementing civil defense and emergency preparedness measures to ensure safety of the civilians living within the state in question.

Governments also bear the political responsibility for the activities of the security sector. As a result, governments need detailed and extensive plans and management structures to ensure security policies and practices are transparent and accountable. The use of intelligence services can never be over-emphasized in detecting and defeating or avoiding threats and espionage to protect classified information and the nation
from internal threats.

In Borno state, to ensure security the government setup and finance these Security institutions which are put in places to response to needs of the public and to maintain the survival of the state.

Civilian JTF: Around 2013, the CJTF was formed to support the country's security forces and to protect communities in the north east Nigeria against Boko Haram. Ever since, they have played important roles in protecting communities, identifying insurgents and pushing them back. They have been credited for bringing back some stability and safety to Borno. They serve as a bridge between communities and security forces. They are also seen patrolling in communities, conducting joint patrols alongside the military, sometimes accompanying them to the battlefield. In Maiduguri you see them perform security scans and body searches and run check points. The state Governor has done so well providing them with security equipment and patrol vans and offices which was divided into various sectors. This has made it easier to investigate reports received from communities, also sharing of information with civilians and resolving disputes.

Vigilante groups/Yan banga: Borno State Government has recruited 12,735 hunters and vigilantes as members of Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) to help fight insecurity in the state. N131.9 million is said to be spent monthly in paying the recruits to enhance security in the 25 local government areas of the state. The initiative was geared toward return of peace at the local government level. This measure is aimed at providing complementary services to the security operatives and subsequently building the confidence of the populace.

Nigeria security and Civil Defense Corps: in an effort to protect the citizen, the Nigerian government established the Nigerian Civil Defence in May 1967. It was established to provide preventative measures against any threats as well as any forms of disasters or attack that could be forged against the nation and its citizens. In Borno, the Civil defense corps are valuable asset, during emergencies they are seen providing safety and basic needs of the whole community so that life may go on as normally as possible. They involve in training the civilian population in rescue work, evacuation of, first aid and damage control.

 

The Nigerian Police: in January 2020, the Zulum admistration donated the Nigerian police and the army with 70 surveillance Vehicles to the Nigerian Police and Soldiers. Also in May 2020, he supported 350 Borno indigenes who were undergoing training at the Borno state police college, Maiduguri. This shows the commitment and determination of the present administration to ensure peaceful and very secure society for its citizens.